Bear Crawl Exercise Guide and Workout – Fitness Volt –

Bear Crawl Exercise
Walking upright is a very energy-efficient activity. That’s why you can walk for miles and miles without getting tired. Your center of gravity is balanced over your base of support, which means very little muscle engagement is required to keep you standing.
However, that all changes when you move on to all fours. Your weight is no longer just over your feet, and you’ll have to work much harder to move over the ground. Animals make walking on all fours look easy, but it is much more demanding for us humans.
While you might not want to purposely crawl on all fours to get from point A to point B, there are crawling exercises that you can use to develop fitness and core strength. One of the best is the bear crawl.
In this article, we explain why and how to bear crawl and reveal some of the best variations and alternatives. We’ve also included a bear crawl-based workout to try.
Like walking upright, bear crawls work a large number of muscles. That’s what makes this such an effective if challenging exercise. It’s probably best to think of bear crawls as being a full-body exercise. That said, the main muscles you’ll be using during bear crawls are:
The collective term for the muscles of your midsection, your core muscles contract or brace to stabilize your lumbar spine during bear crawls. If you aren’t feeling this exercise in your core, you probably aren’t doing it right. The main core muscles are the rectus abdominis, obliques, transverse abdominis, and erector spinae.
Supporting your weight on your hands and feet means your shoulders are going to get a great workout during bear crawls. Of the three deltoids (anterior/front, medial/middle, and posterior/rear), the anterior deltoids are the most active.
Working with your deltoids, your pecs are very active during bear crawls. You’ll need to use your chest muscles to stabilize your upper arms and propel you forward.
Located on the back of your upper arm, you’ll definitely feel your triceps working during bear crawls. Your triceps must stay contracted to stop your arms from collapsing under your weight.
Done correctly, your knees should remain bent at about 90 degrees during bear crawls. This means your quadriceps, located on the front of your thighs, need to work to support your weight as you move forward and back.
Located on the front of your hips, the hip flexors work with your core to stabilize your pelvis during bear crawls. In addition, you’ll be using your hip flexors to move your legs forward as you move.
Because bear crawls involve lots of muscles and an awkward movement, they’re good for developing cardiovascular fitness. Your heart and breathing rate will soon increase as your body works harder to supply oxygen to the working muscles. Bear crawls are an excellent metabolic conditioning (met-con) exercise.
Get more from bear crawls while keeping your risk of injury to a minimum by following these guidelines:
Not sure if bear crawls are worth adding to your workouts? Consider these benefits and then decide:
Full-body workout – done correctly, bear crawls work almost every major muscle in your body. While not really a bodybuilding exercise, if you want to develop endurance and stability alongside your cardiovascular fitness, bear crawls are an excellent choice.
Anywhere, anytime – all you need for bear crawls is enough space to do them. With no equipment required, bear crawls are perfect for home exercisers and anyone who works out in places like parks or their yard.
A moving plank – while planks are a great core exercise, they are 100% static which reduces their functionality. In contrast, bear crawls involve stabilizing your core as you move your arms and legs. This is a much more functional way to train your core, as this is how your muscles tend to work in nature.
Good for HIIT and circuit training workouts – maintain or even increase your heart rate as you train your core with bear crawls. They’re a tremendous met-con exercise that will work well in all types of workouts, especially HIIT and circuit training.
While bear crawls are a mostly safe and beneficial exercise, there are also a couple of drawbacks to consider:
Wrist pain – doing bear crawls puts a lot of strain on your wrists. If you have tight forearms or just find bending your wrists backward uncomfortable, bear crawls may be impractical. One way to avoid wrist pain during bear crawls is to use push-up bars, so you can keep your wrists straight.
Hips too high – a lot of people lift their hips above their shoulders during bear crawls. This puts more weight on your hands and also reduces core engagement. Keep your hips down to do bear crawls correctly and get more from this exercise. Lifting your butt is basically cheating!
Bear Crawl Hips Too HighBear Crawl Hips Too High
Not ideal for people with a large stomach – a big belly could make this exercise uncomfortable. Not only will that weight put a lot of stress on your lower back, but it could also stop you from moving your arms and legs comfortably. If you are overweight, try bear crawls, but find them uncomfortable or painful, this may not be the exercise for you.
Bear crawls are a highly effective core and conditioning exercise, but that doesn’t mean you need to do them all the time. Here are several variations and alternatives that you can use to keep your workouts productive and interesting:
No space for bear crawls? Or maybe you need to master stabilizing your core before you start moving your arms and legs? Either way, the bear crawl plank is a good option. This is a very effective core exercise.
Combine bear crawls with push-ups to train your core and upper body at the same time. This exercise requires very little space, making it ideal for home and hotel room workouts. It’s also easier on your wrists than regular bear crawls.
Increase upper back and core engagement by doing bear crawls with a dumbbell in each hand. Use light weights as even small dumbbells will have a significant impact on the difficulty and performance of this exercise. However, you may also find that using dumbbells helps take the stress off your wrist joints.

Renegade rows work almost the same muscles as bear crawls, but they engage your biceps and upper back considerably more. Bear crawls involve more lower body activation, but if you want to work your upper body and core, the renegade row + push-up is a great alternative.
Spider-man push-ups are a lot like bear crawls, except they don’t involve moving across the ground. This exercise is so-called because, when you do it, you’ll look not unlike Spider-man crawling up a wall.
Where bear crawls involve moving your arms and legs, walkouts involve just moving your upper body. They’re still a great core exercise and an excellent alternative to bear crawls if you don’t have a lot of space.
Rollouts engage your abs just like bear crawls. However, when you do rollouts, your abs shorten and lengthen, whereas, with bear crawls, they remain a constant length. Rollouts can be done kneeling or standing, and, like walkouts, the further you extend your arms, the harder they become.
Check out our detailed guide to rollouts here.
Really, there is no bad time to do bear crawls. They’re a useful warm-up exercise that will help fire up your stabilizers and core. They also make for a great finisher after a chest workout. Or you can use them for conditioning or fitness training workouts, such as intervals or Tabatas.
Or, you could try our bear crawl-based workout that requires no equipment, so you can do it anywhere you’ve got enough space to move.
Part A– 3-5 laps of the following sequence, resting 60 seconds between efforts:
Part B– 3-5 laps of the following sequence, resting 60 seconds between efforts:
Part C– 3-5 laps of the following sequence, resting 60 seconds between efforts:
Bear crawls illustrate perfectly that you don’t need a whole lot of exercise equipment to have a great workout. Using nothing but your body weight, a few sets of bear crawls will challenge your core, shoulders, chest, and triceps. They’ll give your cardiovascular system a good workout too. All you need is a little space and the motivation to get up and do them!
When I was in the British Royal Marines, we did a lot of crawling training, and every minute of it was excruciating. It didn’t matter if we were doing leopard crawls, bear crawls, or just divebombing under razor wire; those crawling workouts were hell!
However, while I didn’t appreciate the benefits of bear crawls at the time, I can now see why they were such an intrinsic part of military training. It’s incredible that something so brutally simple can have such a wide-reaching effect on fitness and conditioning.
While I don’t recommend crawling through water-filled tunnels, deep mud, or under razor wire, I do think that almost everyone’s workout would be enhanced with a few sets of bear crawls!
Patrick Dale is an ex-British Royal Marine, gym owner, and fitness qualifications tutor and assessor. In addition, Patrick is a freelance writer who has authored three fitness and exercise books, dozens of e-books, thousands of articles, and several fitness videos. He’s not just an armchair fitness expert; Patrick practices what he preaches! He has competed at a high level in numerous sports, including rugby, triathlon, rock climbing, trampolining, powerlifting, and, most recently, stand up paddleboarding. When not lecturing, training, researching, or writing, Patrick is busy enjoying the sunny climate of Cyprus, where he has lived for the last 20-years.
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© Copyright 2010 – 2021 Fitnes Volt IBC. All Rights Reserved.
This article was written by one of our qualified writers, and fact-checked by our experts. The numbers in parentheses (e.g. 1, 2, 3, etc.) throughout the article, are reference links to peer-reviewed studies.
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